Allopurinol is a medicinal compound which is prescribed for treatment of high blood uric acid levels. It has molecular formula C5H4N4O and molar mass of 136.11 g/mol. This chemical is also utilized for prevention of gout and kidney stones. It can be availed in both tablet and intravenous injection form. This compound does not bind to protein in body but has bioavailability of around 78%. Allopurinol is a structural isomer of hypoxanthine and works by inhibiting activity of xanthine oxidase which is responsible for producing uncontrolled amounts of uric acid. It gets metabolized in liver with elimination half life of about 2 hours.
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